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英语基础知识中的特殊词汇讲解
日期:2020-05-22 20:43    编辑:构师英语网    来源:未知
学习英语需要掌握大量的单词,而很多小伙伴记忆单词都是死记硬背。其实,要想提高单词积累的效率,一定要掌握学习方法,方法用对,学习才能提高效率。下面是沪江小编给大家分享的一些特殊词汇的讲解,大家可以作为学习的参考。 英语特殊词汇讲解 stop doing/

  学习英语需要掌握大量的单词,而很多小伙伴记忆单词都是死记硬背。其实,要想提高单词积累的效率,一定要掌握学习方法,方法用对,学习才能提高效率。下面是沪江小编给大家分享的一些特殊词汇的讲解,大家可以作为学习的参考。

  英语特殊词汇讲解

  stop doing/to do

  stop to do停止,中断做某事后去做另一件事。

  stop doing停止做某事。

  They stop to smoke a cigarette. 他们停下来,抽了根烟。

  I must stop smoking. 我必须戒烟了。

  forget doing/to do

  forget to do忘记要去做某事。(未做)

  forget doing忘记做过某事。(已做)

  The light in the office is stil on. He forgot to turn it off.

  办公室的灯还在亮着,它忘记关了。(没有做关灯的动作)

  He forgot turning the light off.

  他忘记他已经关了灯了。 ( 已做过关灯的动作)

  Dont forget to come tomorrow.

  别忘了明天来。 (to come动作未做)

  remember doing/to do

  remember to do 记得去做某事 (未做)

  remember doing记得做过某事 (已做)

  Remember to go to the post office after school.

  记着放学后去趟邮局。

  Dont you remember seeing the man before?

  你不记得以前见过那个人吗?

  regret doing/to do

  regret to do 对要做的事遗憾。(未做)

  regret doing 对做过的事遗憾、后悔。(已做)

  I regret to have to do this, but I have no choice.

  我很遗憾必须这样去做,我实在没有办法。

  I dont regret telling her what I thought.

  我不为告诉她我的想法而后悔。

  cease doing/to do

  cease to do 长时间,甚至永远停做某事。

  cease doing 短时停止做某事,以后还会接着做。

  That department has ceased to exist forever.

  那个部门已不复存在。

  The girls ceased chatting for a moment when their teacher passed by.

  姑娘们在老师走过时,停了会聊天。

  try doing/to do

  try to do努力,企图做某事。

  try doing 试验,试着做某事。

  You must try to be more careful.

  你可要多加小心。

  I tried gardening but didnt succeed.

  我试着种果木花卉,但未成功。

  go on doing/to do

  go on to do做了一件事后,接着做另一件事。

  go on doing 继续做原来做的事。

  After he had finished his maths,he went on to do his physics.

  做完数学后,他接着去做物理。

  Go on doing the other exercise after you have finished this one.

  作完这个练习后,接着做其他的练习

  be afraid doing/to do

  be afraid to do不敢,胆怯去做某事,是主观上的原因不去做,意为怕;

  be afraid of doing担心出现doing的状况、结果。 doing 是客观上造成的,意为生怕,恐怕。

  She was afraid to step further in grass because she was afraid of being bitten by a snake.

  她生怕被蛇咬着,而不敢在草丛中再走一步。

  She was afraid to wake her husband.

  她不敢去叫醒她丈夫。

  She was afraid of waking her husband.

  她生怕吵醒她丈夫。

  be interested doing/to do

  interested to do 对做某事感兴趣,想了解某事。

  interested in doing 对某种想法感兴趣,doing 通常为想法。

  I shall be interested to know what happens.

  我很想知道发生了什么事。 (想了解)

  Im interested in working in Switzerland. Do you have any idea about that?

  我对在瑞士工作感兴趣。你想过这事吗? (一种想法)

  mean to doing/to do

  mean to do 打算、想

  mean doing意味着

  I mean to go, but my father would not allow me to.

  我想去,但是我父亲不肯让我去。

  To raise wage means increasing purchasing power.

  赠加工资意味着增加购买力。

  begin(start) doing/to do

  begin / start to do sth

  begin / start doing sth.

  1)谈及一项长期活动或开始一种习惯时,使用doing.

  How old were you when you first started playing the piano?

  你几岁时开始弹钢琴?

  2)begin, start用进行时时,后面动词用不定式to do

  I was beginning to get angry。

  我开始生起气来。

  3)在attempt, intend, begin, start 后接know, understand, realize这类动词时,常用不定式to do。

  I begin to understand the truth。

  我开始明白线)物作主语时

  It began to melt

  要想学好英语首先要端正自己的学习态度,养成良好的学习习惯。在学习的过程中掌握学习方法可以提高学习效率,在这里小编给大家推荐沪江英语网,这是一个专业的英语学习平台,通过沪江网学习的好处就是可以不受时间和地点的限制,学习起来十分方便。英语基础知识中的特殊词汇讲解

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